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What Is HRA And Its Benefits?

What is HRA? How do you calculate HRA? How is HRA decided? What are the tax exemptions? Is that all? No! The list of HRA-related questions does not end here! There are numerous questions that people today have when looking for HRA.

Do you want to learn more about the most commonly searched term HRA? If so, you'll learn everything you need to know about HRA right here. You will also understand HRA in the New Tax Regime. This page covers everything you need to know about HRA. So continue reading until the conclusion.

What is HRA?

HRA simply stands for House Rent Allowance. But what is this allowance? Let’s know!

HRA is a component of a taxpayer's wage that serves to reduce a person's tax liability if that person lives in leased housing. Now How HRA is calculated? Using HRA Calculator online, you can simply calculate the HRA amount that will be tax exempt. You can also do it manually in a very simple way.

HRA in the New Tax System

According to Nirmala Sitharaman, India's Finance Minister, there will be a new tax structure for persons who pay taxes in India.

This new system was announced at the same time as the Union Budget for the current fiscal year was announced. In comparison to the previous regime, this current structure has seen a number of modifications.

However, one of the most significant differences would be that the new system will not include several of the previous tax regime's exclusions or deductions. This includes the House Rent Allowance, or HRA. As a result, when you choose the revised taxation system and submit your taxes properly, you will be unable to claim the HRA exemption.

HRA Calculation With Example

House Rent Allowance(HRA) which is called HRA is a component in salary which is always deductible from the salary. However, regardless of how much rent you pay, you may not receive a tax benefit, therefore income tax has set the maximum HRA allowance. Let’s understand that here –

So, in order to calculate the permissible HRA for salary deduction, we need these three figures:

1. Actual HRA

2. 50% of Basic Salary– METRO CITIES.

40% of Basic Salary– NON-METRO.

3. Rent minus 10% of the Basic Salary

Now, whichever of the above three figures is less, you will get its deduction. Please keep in mind that the basic compensation includes DA.

An example will undoubtedly help you understand this better -

Let us suppose

  • Salary is – 70,000/month out of this 30,000 is basic salary

  • HRA is – 12,000/month

  • Actual Rent is – 15,000/month

In this case –

1. Your actual HRA will be – 12,000/-

2. Let's assume you are from a metro city then 50% of basic salary will be 15,000/-

3. Rent of 15,000 minus 10% of basis salary i.e. 3000 because basic salary is 30,000, hence 3rd figure will be – 12,000/-

Now, if any of the above three have a minimum value, that amount will be allowed as an HRA deduction, which is 12,000/- in our instance.

How is HRA Decided?

Your income is the most important factor in determining your HRA. According to income tax regulations, the tax-free portion of the HRA (House Rent Allowance) is the lesser of the following sums of money:

  1. HRA portion based on actual wage

  2. Because unless he lives in Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, or Mumbai, he will receive 50% of his basic income; otherwise, he will receive 40% of his basic income.

  3. Rent received minus 10% of base wage

HRA Tax Benefits

  1. The real rental you spend has to be less than 10% of your basic salary.

  2. The exact sum provided by your company as HRA.

  3. You will receive 50% of your basic pay if you live in a metropolitan area, and 40% if you live outside.

Details Needed for HRA Tax Exemption

The most crucial paperwork that you are required to present when seeking tax exemption for HRA is rental invoices for the entire contract. As a result, unless you are a taxable citizen, you will be eligible for this exemption if you lease to the pare.

To qualify for the HRA exemption, you must present your rent receipts as the taxpayer. In instances in which the rental price of the dwelling unit surpasses Rs. 1 lakh, the landlord's PAN information must also be submitted. If the landlord does not have a PAN card, he or she can provide the same information in a self-declaration.

Qualifications for HRA Exemption

  • When you pay rent to a landlord, the HRA exemption is only applicable under Law 80 or any other section.

  • There is also no HRA deduction for periods when the rent is not paid.

  • If you change jobs or raise your wages, the HRA deduction is calculated monthly. As a result, depending on when the changeover occurs, the HRA exemption or deductions may change.

  • To be eligible for HRA deductions, you must submit your rent on a monthly basis as well as via money orders so that the IT staff can rapidly compute your expenses.

When the monthly house rent tops Rs.1 lakh

If your house rent exceeds Rs 1 lakh, you may be eligible for HRA relief. One crucial thing to remember is that while claiming HRA benefits, you must provide your information, which includes the property owner's PAN number as well as various other rent receipts.

Alternatives to HRA for Tax Saving

When it comes to the HRA Alternative, it is the only way to lower your tax liability. Aside from the HRA exemption and deduction perks, the Income Tax Act of 1961 contains many provisions pertaining to tax relief. These chapters go over a variety of tax-saving tactics and comparable characteristics that allow you to get deductions and exclusions on your total earnings for the fiscal year.

80c Section

Amongst the most important sections is 80C, which offers tax savings higher than or equal to Rs. 1.5 lakh. It includes a variety of financial and protection tools that can help you achieve not only tax savings or elss but also other important personal and household goals.

Another thing such as National insurance are the Insurance Companies. Insurance companies offer your home with a backup net in the event that an unforeseen event occurs that leaves them lacking a breadwinner. It provides financial support in the shape of a death payout, which you can accept in the form of a lump sum or a monthly wage.

Not only that, however, the premium you pay for the insurance entitles you to a reduction of up to Rs 1.5 lakh. Max Life's Smart Secure Plus plan covers them for tough circumstances such as diseases, disabilities, or the policyholder's eventual death. It also allows you to make use of the premium return options.

The best part is that you can use a term insurance calculator to determine how much coverage is appropriate for you.

You can, however, pick an entity like ULIP (Unit Linked Insurance Plan), which is well known for providing you with both insurance and investing advantages.

Additional tax-advantaged investing alternatives include the Public Provident Fund (PPF), the National Pension Scheme, and the National Savings Certificate.


So it's time to wrap things up. Now that you understand what Hra is and its benefits, you can quickly calculate it using an online calculator. Remember to like, comment, and share this enjoyable read with your family and friends.

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